Loading content

Afghanistan Flag. Photo: New Zealand Defence Forces.

Expert Note

Afghanistan Partnership Framework: Conditionality without ownership; tactics without strategy?

The Afghanistan Partnership Framework (APF) replaced the Mutual Accountability Framework (MAF) at the 2020 Afghanistan Conference. This note aimed to support development partner inputs to shaping the new framework, drawing on the expertise and experience of Mark Bowden and Alastair McKechnie - who both shaped previous compacts during their time in UNAMA and the World Bank.

Published: 12 November 2020

Authors: Mark Bowden, Alastair McKechnie

About the authors

Mark Bowden

L4P Senior Expert Adviser

Mark is a Senior Research Associate with the Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI. He has recently retired as the Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General for Afghanistan in UNAMA with responsibility on development coherence, governance, economic development, gender and rule of law. He was also the United Nations Resident Coordinator, Humanitarian Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative in charge of coordination of the United Nations System activities, humanitarian disaster management and development coordination. He served in Afghanistan between November 2012 and March 2017. From April 2008 to November 2012, Mark was the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Designated Official and UNDP Resident Representative for Somalia, and was previously assigned as the Director of Civil Affairs in the United Nations Mission in Sudan. From 2001 to 2005 he was extensively involved in the design of humanitarian reforms as the Chief of the Policy Development and Studies Branch in the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.

Alastair McKechnie

L4P Principal Consultant

Alastair McKechnie is Senior Research Associate at ODI. Mr McKechnie was formerly World Bank director for fragile states and Country Director for Afghanistan. He spent 28 years in assignments at the World Bank where he was regional operations director for South Asia and infrastructure manager for the Middle East.